Grains. There’s more to it than just gluten – Part II.

Lectins are sugar-binding proteins (not to be confused with glycoproteins, which are proteins containing sugar chains or residues) that are highly specific for their sugar moieties. They play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.

There are a number of different lectin types in foods. Not all are damaging to us. Some should be avoided, especially the ones in cereal grains and legumes. Plants use lectins as part of their natural defense systems. They help plants defend against attackers such as mold, fungus, and parasites.

Grain lectins are able to pass through the gut into general circulation, and cause numerous problems throughout the body, including systemmic inflammation, a leading cause of many diseases and obesity.

Lectins are not digested by stomach acid or enzymes. So still intact, lectins can then attach to, and attack, cell membranes. Recent research is beginning to reveal how the body’s response to these lectins is a major cause of many immune system imbalances. Based on this recent research, many symptoms once attributed to aging or “wear and tear” may need to be reclassified as immune reactions caused by lectins.

The problems with eating grains can be compounded further. As I mentioned in the first post in this series:

Combine a diet high in cereal grains, low in total fat, low in saturated fats, and possibly low in high quality animal proteins, and it’s obvious why an individual might start to run a deficiency in iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, B-vitamins, etc.  Some people will argue that grains can be a good source of many nutrients… in the lab These same people need to understand the difference between ingestion and digestion.  Just because a food has a particular nutrient profile analysed in a lab setting, it does not mean it can be digested and absorbed by the body.  Grains in particular are spectacularly good and binding nutrients, minerals especially, and preventing them from being absorbed (grain intake might even see a higher turnover in the likes of vitamin D). 

So you’re not doing yourself any favors by trying to carb load on grains. Especially athletes. Where the goal is to minimize inflammation, grains have an incredibly pro-inflammatory tendency. You need to start using clean carb sources like sweet potatoes, potatoes, squash, and other starchy vegetables. You’ll be able to avoid the inflammation, gut stress and emegency sideline bathroom breaks, along with the bloating and discomfort. At the same time you’ll be getting many times more vitamins and minerals in your diet, a key for proper recovery and immune function.

So on top of the anti nutrients discussed in the previous post, lectins from grains and legumes compound the risk. Now it’s easy to see why obesity and disease rates are so high in industrialized countries like America. We rely so heavily on grains as a staple food source, it makes up the bulk of what most people are told to eat. Yet they are nothing but cheap sugar calories, void of any nutritional value, and they cause systemmic inflammation that catches up to you as you age.

Even before you are very old, systemmic inflammation from poor diet can rear its ugly head in the form of acne, depression, IBS, celiac, arthritis, and abdominal fat accumulation, just to name a few.

How do lectins cause these problems?

Lectins cause cells to “agglutinate”, or stick together. Your body’s immune system then sends out white blood cells to destroy the lectins, as well as the cells that have agglutinated. This can result in systemmic inflammation.

In the intestines, agglutination allows lectins to bind to the intestinal wall, particularly the villi, of the small intestine. This causes damage and impaired cellular repair potential, cellular death, and compromised intestinal villi, reducing the absorption of other nutrients, including vitamins, minerals and protein. Add to this altered gut flora, which can allow certain harmful bacterial strains like E. coli to run rampant. Since the body is now responding full-time to the needs of the injured gut lining, proteins and other resources are redirected from other basic growth and repair processes.

This process also causes leaky gut, allowing other toxins and partially digested food to enter circulation, leading to food allergies and autoimmune reactions, when your immune system attacks these particles, and the healthy cells they are attached to.  

That’s why lectins are linked with autoimmune disorders like IBS, Crohn’s. colitis, thyroid conditions, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and arthritis. Specific lectins have been associated with particular ailments (like wheat with rheumatoid arthritis), but more research is needed to trace and confirm these connections. However, it is clear that potent autoimmune destruction can result when the intestinal lining experiences this level of damage. Lectins also cause discharge of histamine from gastric mast cells, which stimulate acid secretion. So the three main pathogenic factors for peptic ulcer – acid stimulation, failure of the mucous defense layer, and abnormal bacterial proliferation (helicobacter pylori) are all theoretically linked to lectins. The mucous stripping effect of lectins, also offers an explanation for the anecdotal finding of many allergists that a “stone age diet”, which eliminates most starchy foods and therefore most lectins, protects against upper respiratory viral infections.

One more thing to be aware of is how easily you can over eat these calorically dense, yet nutrient void grain based foods. Since grains (and sugar) give you nothing your body actually needs, your satiety mechanisms quickly make you hungry only a few hours after a meal. That’s your body telling you to eat. It’s looking for nutrients that it needs, yet getting none. This happens time, and time again. We over eat. We get fat. And all the systemmic inflammation makes us sick, weak, and prone to disease. Blasted!

There’s an easy way to mitigate all this. Stop eating grains and sugar and legumes. And eat lots of healthy natural fats (not the kind made in a factory).

If you have autoimmune issues, avoiding the following foods, as well as grains, should help releive your symptoms. You can experiment with adding foods back, and see which ones you are most affected by:

Beans, kidney, lentils, peanuts and soybeans. Seeds and nuts such as sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, almonds and walnuts. Oils made from corn, peanuts, soy, etc. Dairy foods, all milk products, cheese, cottage cheese, kefir andyogurt. Eggs and all products that contain them. Fruits such as cantaloupe and pomegranate. Vegetables in the nightshade family: potato, tomato, eggplant, cucumber and peppers. Processed foods containing added flavoring agents, thickeners, fillers and binders. GMO Foods, as lectins are spliced into modified varieties to enhance “natural” pest & fungal resistance.

Coming soon…

Fat doesn’t make you fat < Read on! Get Stoneage!

~ Dan

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Recovery from injury could be dependent on your diet

I came across an impressive list of things that proper diet has cured in many people. It looks very impressive, and to those who are unfamiliar with Paleo/Primal type diets, may seem far-fetched.

But to us in the know, those of us who have tried and applied and seen actual positive long term changes in health, body composition and so on, those of us who have an intimate understanding with the link between diet and our immediate and long term health, those of us who have a basic even limited understanding of our biological mechanisms, we understand how possible and real these results are.

Among the list of ills that Paleo has cured:

Joint pain, regular bouts of gout, Depression, chronic fatigue, mental fog, Lyme, arthritis, Diabetes, Obesity, Inflammation, Sugar addiction, Stress, Better Sleep, Mental clarity, Migraines, mild obesity, kidney stones, No “fire-in-the-hole” scorcher bathroom visits, lower back issues, and acne, Nails and teeth are stronger and my senses seem to be like they were when I was in my teens. It’s like somebody turned the lights on in the world.

It seems that everyone’s body (at least those that reported these changes) is now able to heal itself naturally. That’s the common theme. In my personal case, I no longer wake up fatigued, sore, or groggy. I don’t have those mysterious sore muscles during the day. My old football knee injury (which used to show itself after long walks) has disappeared. Chronic eczema and GERD have been cured. Bad acne. Headaches. Cold, flu, fever, ear infections. You name it, I’ve been free of it for a full year plus. I also train hard in the gym often, have seen very radical results in terms of muscle tone and recovery.

Now, let me move on to something a little more scientific I found regarding healing, relating more directly to sports injuries:

Ligamentous tissue, because it is poorly vascularized, takes much longer than soft tissue to heal. However, there are a number of elements of the Paleo Diet that may promote rapid tissue healing:
It has been demonstrated that protein deficient patients recover more slowly than a control group. This makes the Paleo Diet, because it is a high protein diet, a perfect intervention in this MCL injury and similar injuries. In such cases, it is desirable to have a diet in which protein reaches 1.2 grams/kg/day.
Increased branch-chain amino acids (valine, leucine and isoleucine) from the high animal protein diet will also speed up healing time.
More rapid resolution of the acute inflammatory stage of tissue injury will occur because of increased consumption of long-chain fatty acids (DHA, EPA, and AA).
Increased trace nutrient density (such as zinc, iron and phytochemicals) further promotes healing and tissue regeneration.
In addition to the diet, there are also supplements that could help in wound healing.
Vitamin C is an important cofactor in synthesis of collagen and proteoglycans, and other components of bone, skin, capillary walls, and other connective tissues. It is important for hydroxylation of proline and lysine residues in procollagen. Vitamin C is also an important supplement in immunomodulation and antioxidation.
Oxidative stress delays wound healing so wounds increase the necessity of vitamin C due to the increased reactive oxygen species generated. Vitamin C is also able to regenerate other antioxidants such as vitamin E.
It is recommended that you not exceed 2 grams a day since some adverse health effects have been demonstrated, such as hemolysis (red blood cell destruction), especially in glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient patients. The recommended dosage is 1-2 grams per day.
Glucosamine increases hyaluronic acid synthesis, which is an important substance in extra cellular matrix composition. Glucosamine may increase insulin resistance and glucose levels so it should not be taken by diabetic patients. Otherwise, it is safe at a dose of 500 mg 3 times per day.
Omega-3 fats will reduce inflammation and help promote the healing process.
Glutamine has been demonstrated to decrease the number of days in the hospital for wound patients. It supports the immune system in the initial phase of inflammation, and serves as an energy source for fibroblasts and protein synthesis. The recommended dosage is 0.2 grams/kg/day.
Arginine is another important amino acid in tissue regeneration. Some of its actions include stimulation of cell migration (for wound recovery), and it is a precursor for proline during collagen synthesis.
Zinc is essential in DNA synthesis, protein synthesis and cell division. All of these are important factors in wound healing. Zinc content is high in the Paleo Diet. A recommended dosage to promote healing is 15-30 mg per day.
Other nutrients that could be beneficial for wound healing are garlic (with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties), pineapple (because bromelain accelerates wound healing and decreases inflammation), and grape-derived phytochemicals (such as proanthocyanidin) that exert anti-inflammatory effects and support healing of elastin and collagen.
We expect both athletes and surgery patients to recover more quickly on the Paleo Diet than they otherwise would eating a conventional modern diet.

So again we see a common theme, that proper nutrients and avoiding anti-nutrients in grains and sugar etc, promotes proper healing. Don’t take this to mean that we can simply supplement to make up for nutrient deficiencies. That’s not the case. You have to take into consideration that all the nutrients in whole food work in harmony together, so one will not necessarily function without the other.

That’s why nutritionists just add confusion to everything. They take the focus off the whole food, and focus on single nutrients, as if we even know the whole story. We don’t. You can’t weigh and measure shit food and get the same results as you can with Paleo, and adding supplements to a shit diet won’t do you any good either. Along those lines, I want you to take a good read at this post by J. Stanton: “what is nutritionism?” It takes a look at some of the more important anti-nutrients, and asks some really hard questions. Things you need to think about. Read it, then come back. I’ll still be here…

What’s my point?

My point is that there are a lot of people out there training, including the most elite athletes, who take every aspect of training into account, analyzing everything they can and taking advantage of the newest-in-new hip-technology supplements or training protocols, but they just haven’t considered their diet may be one of the most contributing factors to their ability to heal after they beat the shit out of their bodies day-in-and-out just to compete in the Ironman. They aren’t asking themselves the tough questions. You need to question everything, to come out on top with the best answer.

I’ve questioned everything, and it seems blatantly obvious to me now that grains screw up every system in your body, along with sugar and too many veggie oils. There’s tons of info out there, so don’t just rely on me to spoon feed it to you. Sometimes you just have to ask your own questions and be able to filter out the bull-shit. Honestly, give me one GOOD reason why I should even bother eating grains. Is there anything in there that I can’t get from veggies, meat or tubers or fruit?? Thought not…

My point is that if you know about inflammation, and you KNOW that you are overtraining and about cortisol, and you KNOW that you need to limit systemic inflammation in order to recover propery, why don’t you pay attention to the biggest item contributing to your inflammation: YOUR DIET. Get it under control and only eat what you could pick, dig, or spear (mostly spear) in the words of J. Stanton.

If you couldn’t tell, this post was inspired by a good friend of mine who is training for Ironman, and has found out very quickly what systemmic inflammation can do to your ability to compete.

 

So what’s a good diet for marathoners and Ironman-ers? Here’s a great post from Mark Sisson about marathon fuel, the cleanest way possible. 

End rant…

Like this post? Want to find out more about how to get in shape fast? Check out these articles!

Why you should avoid too many polyunsaturated fats.

What is chronic inflammation. What to eat to avoid it.

The final word on grains and legumes: AVOID them.

The final word on Saturated fat and Cholesterol: EAT them

How to be smarter. Why sugar is making you stupid.

And how to have more energy all the time!

First, we need to enhance our mental clarity. But how do we do that? We’ve already tried the energy drinks, eaten our sugary-snacks, AND had a few donuts and bagels. But howcome we still feel slow, sluggish, foggy, and stupid? I mean, didn’t we do everything “they” told us to by keeping our blood sugar elevated?

 

Here’s what really happens when you eat sugar

After easily consuming hundreds of grams of some sugary-substance, either grains, soda, energy drinks, or snacks, we have THE DOMINO EFFECT:

Your pancreas kicks into overdirve and issues a flood of insulin to try and mop up that mess of sugar in your blood stream. Even though glucose is valuable fuel when your muscles need it during strenuous exercise, in excess this sugar is toxic to your system, and is treated as a threat. You might feel flushed, high, spastic, nauseous, or slightly drugged; unless you are insulin-resistant, in which case you might barely notice. If this is true, take note, because you are on your way to diabetes-ville.

The rush of insulin starts a chain reaction. If there is room in your muscle or liver glycogen stores, your insulin will try to store the glucose there. Chances are, though, if you follow the Standard American Diet, and eat your “healthywholegrains” every day, your glycogen stores are most likely filled to the brim. In this case, the excess is shuttled right into your fat cells. In reaction to this “quasi-emergency that looks like another life-threatening stressor”, the body steps up its efforts to achieve homeostasis by releasing both epinephrine (adrenaline) and cortisol from your adrenals. Your heart is racing, and you’re starting to feel uncomfortable, maybe even sweating. And we’re still likely within the first hour after you finished off that twinkie-pop-donut-cake!

Shortly after the adrenaline rush, the crash comes. Burnout. Oh yes, we’ve all had this before, the dreaded sugar-crash. All the glucose is now out of your blood stream, because you thretened the system and it over reacted. You start to feel sluggish and fried. Your orexin cells are yawning and putting you to sleep. Making you foggy-brained and slow to react.

Your immune system takes a hit as well. After the insulin, adrenaline, glucose, cortisol rush, your immune system starts to tailspin. Immunity related phagocytes can be impaired for up to 5 hours! Free radicals also go to town as sugar increases oxidative stress. Your blood even thickens as a result of the stress. 

A large dose of sugar can even impair your immune system for up to 24 hours. Now you’re at risk for not just diabetes, but whatever bug is floating around the office now looms over your head.

So, how do you get smarter than everyone else?

Fat is a more efficient source of energy for your body, as your mitochondria have an easier time making the conversion. Sugar, on the other hand, is a very dirty conversion, and creates lots of free radcals, which induces lots of oxidative stress on your body.

Your brain would also rather run on ketones than glucose. A study presented at the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in February of 2003 verified that blood sugar excess is a major vector for memory problems.

Various factors were measured in the study including how participants performed on several memory tests, how quickly they metabolized blood sugar after a meal, and, through the use of MRI scans, the size of the hippocampus, the brain region responsible for for learning and recent memory. Results indicated that people who metabolized sugar slowly (where blood sugar levels were more elevated) had a smaller hippocampus and scored worse on tests for recent memory. The study is the first to show an association between the size of the hippocampus and the ability to control blood sugar levels in the body.  Though further research is needed, this association suggests that delivery of glucose may influence hippocampal structure and function, researchers said.

Conversely,  other studies have clearly shown indication that many natural dietary fats seem to have a cognitive and memory enhancing effect, as well as the effect of  powerful neurological stabilization (as evidenced by the effectiveness of ketogenic diets for eliminating seizures).

Since glucose is reactive in the presence of oxygen and  “sticks” to things, any amount of glucose is going to have glycating and undesirable oxidative effects throughout the body–particularly the brain.  The brain is the most vulnerable organ to the effects of  glucose because it lacks the ability to respond to insulin.  SOME blood sugar is a necessary and unavoidable thing (due to the unique needs of our red blood cells)…but the less dependent we are upon it, the better.

Your liver is also able to create whatever glucose the brain and body needs for normal function via gluconeogenesis, the process by which the liver converts protein to glucose. So why load up on dietary sugar?

The less the brain has to depend upon glucose as its primary source of fuel, and the more it can be trained and adapted to depend upon ketones for energy, the better, healthier and more efficient brain function becomes.

Nature would never have been so stupid as to design the human body and brain to be chronically dependent on so unreliable, inefficient and damaging a fuel as glucose.  For one thing, we are descended from hunter-gatherers.  Sugar and starch were not readily even available through a significant portion of our evolutionary history (ice-age or seasonal times).  Glucose is naturally meant to be the body and brain’s emergency fuel–used mainly in more extreme and anaerobically demanding circumstances (read: demanding situations that leave you out of breath or during moments of major exertion).

If you examine the value of both of our utilizable fuel sources, glucose/sugar and ketones/fat strictly from the perspective of the energy they provide the truth becomes obvious.  Sugar, as a quick burning fuel can be viewed as a form of “kindling”.  Commonly prescribed “whole grains”, brown rice and legumes can be looked upon as “twigs” for feeding the metabolic fire.  Potatoes, white rice, bread and  cereal can be viewed more like “paper”.  Alcohol is the equivalent of “gasoline” on the fire–supplying a ball of flame and not much more. People who are ultra dependent on glucose will crave alcohol regularly as an emergency means to keep their metabolic fire going.  A reformed alcoholic that has not dealt with the underlying blood sugar dependence issue will compensate for the elimination of alcohol with an ongoing perpetual sweet tooth (and likely, ongoing cravings for alcohol, as well).  Changing one’s metabolic fuel dependence to ketones/fat instead of glucose/sugar changes everything.

Fat, unlike sugar, is the fuel equivalent of putting a nice big log on the fire. 

Your brain is metabolically the most expensive organ in the human body (relative to energy demands).  It occupies less than 5% of your total body mass but uses 20-30% of your total energy every day, just to maintain itself.  Doesn’t it make sense that fat would be the far better choice for this?  –Particularly since fat is what the brain is overwhelmingly made of and because healthy natural fat has no detrimental glycating or damaging impact by its presence.

The quicker you drop sugar and switch over to fat, the better (as opposed to “gradual changeover”).  Supplements such as L-glutamine, L-carnitine help facilitate the metabolic changeover more rapidly and with far less discomfort for some. But just go all out and get it over with already!

So–to put it all in a nutshell–what’s the single most beneficial step you can take to greatly improve the function and performance of your brain and memory?

Avoid the sugar, avoid the crash, avoid the inflammation. Stay strong and healthy by following a Paleo lifestyle. When you are burning healthy fats for energy, you’ll be smarter, more alert, and healthier for it!

How Essential are PUFAs? Don’t guzzle veggie oil!

From cholesterol-and-health.com

Current reviews and textbooks call the omega-6 linoleic acid and the omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid “essential fatty acids” (EFA) and cite the EFA requirement as one to four percent of calories. Research suggests, however, that the omega-6 arachidonic acid (AA) and the omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are the only fatty acids that are truly essential. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) occurs in fish products but is probably not a normal constituent of the mammalian body and in excess it interferes with essential AA metabolism. The EFA requirement cited in the scientific literature is inflated by several factors: the use of diets composed mostly of sucrose, glucose, or corn syrup; the use of diets deficient in vitamin B6; the use of purified fatty acids instead of whole foods; the use of questionable biochemical markers rather than verifiable symptoms as an index for EFA deficiency; and the generalization from studies using young, growing animals to adults. The true requirement for EFA during growth and development is less than 0.5 percent of calories when supplied by most animal fats and less than 0.12 percent of calories when supplied by liver. On diets low in heated vegetable oils and sugar and rich in essential minerals, biotin, and vitamin B6, the requirement is likely to be much lower than this. Adults recovering from injury, suffering from degenerative diseases involving oxidative stress, or seeking to build muscle mass mass may have a similar requirement. For women who are seeking to conceive, pregnant, or lactating, the EFA requirement may be as high as one percent of calories. In other healthy adults, however, the requirement is infinitesimal if it exists at all. The best sources of EFAs are liver, butter, and egg yolks, especially from animals raised on pasture. During pregnancy, lactation, and childhood, small amounts of cod liver oil may be useful to provide extra DHA, but otherwise this supplement should be used only when needed to obtain fat-soluble vitamins. Vegetarians or others who eat a diet low in animal fat should consider symptoms such as scaly skin, hair loss or infertility to be signs of EFA deficiency and add B6 or animal fats to their diets. An excess of linoleate from vegetable oil will interfere with the production of DHA while an excess of EPA from fish oil will interfere with the production and utilization of AA. EFA are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) that contribute to oxidative stress. Vitamin E and other antioxidant nutrients cannot fully protect against oxidative stress induced by dietary PUFA. Therefore, the consumption of EFA should be kept as close to the minimum requirement as is practical while still maintaining an appetizing and nutritious diet.

Bottom line: NOT VERY ESSENTIAL. Don’t flood your body with PUFA. You get plenty from butter, eggs, fish, and other animal products. Any more than that leads to inflammation and atherosclerosis.

Don’t use veggie oil, don’t supplement with omega 6 or omega 3.

What the heck is inflammation, and how does it affect me?

There are two types of inflammation: acute and systemic/chronic. Acute inflammation has it’s place and is a natural reaction by our bodies to stress or injury, but when that acute inflammation becomes systemic, we can have major problems with our health.

Acute inflammation is the initial response to a pathogen or an injury. It is usually brief and only lasts a few days. Acute inflammation is usually caused by trauma, infection, burn, chemical irritation, frostbite, cuts, and allergic reactions.

Heat, redness, swelling and pain usually result, but are absolutely critical forms of acute inflammation to get the healing process started:

  • Increased blood flow heats up the injury and turns it red. The blood carries leukocytes that clean up pathogens and start healing.
  • swollen parts like a swollen ankle is full of plasma and leukocytes that start the healing process.
  • Pain is just your body’s way of saying you f**ked up! Don’t do that again!
  • Loss of function prevents you from using a broken part, so it can heal.

What about systemic or chronic inflammation? Why is it linked to obesity, heart disease, and depression?

Inflammation becomes chronic once it ceases to be an acute response, and it becomes a constant feature of your physiology that’s always engaged, always fighting what your body sees as a low level, constant threat.

This is how things really get screwed up, because inflammation is supposed to be an acute, short-and-sweet response to injury, and because a big part of inflammation is tissue break-down, targeting pathogens and damaged tissue, a chronic inflammatory response has the potential to really f**k up your body! You can see how things have the ability to get way out of hand.

Now here’s some things that cause chronic inflammation. These are things we see in most developed countries such as ours, and they all lead to a systemic breakdown of the finely tuned and tightly managed inflammatory system. The first two are the most important!

Toxic diets: High-sugar, high-processed carb, high-industrial fat, high-grain, high-CAFO meat.

Leads to: leptin resistance, insulin resistance, obesity, abdominal fat accumulation, diabetes, poor recovery, weak immune system, chronic heartburn, the list goes on and on and on….

Excessive PUFA intake: Polyunsaturated fats form the precursors for inflammatory eicosanoids, which are an integral part of the inflammatory response. High omega-6 status (High PUFA status in general) means excessive production of inflammatory eicosanoids and an exaggerated inflammatory response to normal stimuli.

Leads to: heart disease, atherosclerosis, obesity.

Lack of sleep: Poor sleep is linked to elevated inflammatory markers. Poor sleep is a chronic problem in developed nations. Either we go to bed too late, wake up too early, or we use too many electronics late at night and disrupt the quality of what little sleep we get. Or all three at once. Try a harder mattress, or no mattress. It’s natural!

Lack of movement: People lead sedentary lives, by and large, and a lack of activity is strongly linked to systemic, low-grade inflammation.

Poor recovery: Other people move too much, with too little rest and recovery. Overtraining is a form of chronic inflammation.

Lack of down time: When you’re always on the computer, always checking your email/Facebook/smartphone, you are always “on.” You may think you’re relaxing because your body is stationary, but you’re not relaxing. That’s why I’m going to Cancun in a couple weeks!

Lack of nature time: We spend too much time stuck in cubicles, cars, trains, and cities, away from the forest and soft earth. We evolved from hunter-gatherers, so the wilderness is natually home for us. Plus getting enough sun gives us much needed vitamin D! Going camping certainly has its measured benefits!

Poor gut health: The gut houses the bulk of the human immune system. When it’s unhealthy, so is your inflammatory regulation.

Leads to: depression, illness, weak immune system, poor recovery, and acne.

All that stuff really adds up and sets us up for a lifetime of woe and misery. MAJOR SUCK!! But you don’t have to fit in with the crowd and say “we all get fat and sick with age”. Hell No! Just do your body right and stick to the Paleo way of life, which will keep inflammation in check. ALL RIGHT!

Next up: Controlling our genes with positive hormone expression